الثلاثاء، 30 مارس، 2010

ITALIAN LESSONS - ARTICLES / ARTICULI

ITALIAN LESSONS - ARTICLES / ARTICULI


Definite and Indefinite articles – Articuli indeterminativo ed determinativo

Articles are words that precede the substantive (a noun).

Definite article: used to indicate that a thing is unique in some way.

Indefinite article: used to indicate that a thing is not identified as unique.

In Italian the article must agree in gender and number with the noun, which means that the definite article la, for example, should precede a singular and feminine. Study the chart below:

Articles

Definite - THE

Indefinite - A / AN

Singular Plural Singular (there is not a formal plural)

Masculine

(maschile)

IL / L' / LO

I / GLI

UN / UNO

Feminine

(femminile)

LA / L'

LE

UNA / UN'

* Note

L - before a vowel

Lo- before words starting with: s + another consonant (ie: st; sb) or z

Gli- before a vowel or words starting with: s + another consonant (ie: st; sb) or z

Un' - before a vowel (only to feminine words)

Uno - before words starting with: s + another consonant (ie: st; sb) or z

Una - before a consonante

Examples

Study the examples below:

Definite article - masculine


  • Il libro – The book

  • L'amico – The friend (the male friend)

  • Lo spettacolo – The spectacle

  • Lo zio - The uncle

  • I libri The books

  • Gli amici – The friends

  • Gli spettacoli - The spectacles

  • Gli zoccoli - The claws

Indefinite article - masculine


  • Un libro – A book

  • Un premio - a prize

  • Un amico – A friend

  • Uno spettacolo – A spectacle

  • Uno zoccolo - A claw

Definite article - feminine


  • La macchina – The car

  • L'amica – The friend (the female friend)

  • Le macchine – The cars

  • Le amiche

Indefinite article - feminine


  • Una macchina – A car

  • Un´amica – a friend (a female friend)